The infographic and content below comes to us courtesy of the Ohio University Online Master’s in Coaching Education program.

While many people may not think it has that much of an impact, it’s been proven that psychology plays a central role in athletic performance. Studies show that over ten psychological factors can affect performance in either a positive or negative way, depending on the situation itself. Things such as goal setting, personal awareness, routine, concentration, meditation, confidence, control, and even overall flow mindset can determine whether an athlete will perform poorly or exceptionally in their chosen field.

All of these factors are strongly tied in with each other as well, and athletes who do not take the time to focus and balance themselves may find that their performance will suffer as a result. Confidence and stress management play a tremendous role in athletics, and a lack of either can be detrimental to athletic performance. Routines and muscle memory also play a significant role, as these psychological factors can help athletes find comfort and confidence in their sport or activity.

Goal setting is a key psychological factor because it allows the individuals to focus their resources and drive towards a single purpose. This can allow them to excel and push themselves forward, finding inner strength to perform at the highest level as possible.


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